Document Detail


Detection of predefecatory rectosigmoid wave activity for prevention of fecal soiling in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16720378     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Identification of an electrophysiologic sign before defecation can prevent fecal soiling in infants. To identify such a sign, the contractile activity of sigmoid colon was recorded percutaneously in 48 healthy infants. The recorder was equipped with a digital clock synchronized to the recorder so as to set off an alarm upon significantly increased electromyographic activity of sigmoid colon. Examination of the recordings at high speed revealed three types of basal, signaling and predefecatory waves of activities. The 'basal' component was comprised of as negatively deflected slow waves. The signaling waves exhibited an increase in amplitudes, cycle rate and conduction velocity, were repeated 8.2+/-1.2 times and lasted for 14.6+/-2.1 minutes prior to defecation, The 'predefecatory' waves preceded defecation by 40.3+/-7.3 seconds, showed a significant increase in wave parameters and sounded the alarm. The findings show a method for early detection of defecation that can be used clinically to prevent fecal soiling in infants.
Authors:
Ahmed Shafik; Ismail A Shafik; Olfat El Sibai; Ali A Shafik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-09-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in bioscience : a journal and virtual library     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1093-4715     ISO Abbreviation:  Front. Biosci.     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-24     Completed Date:  2006-06-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9709506     Medline TA:  Front Biosci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3096-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery and Experimental Research, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. shafik@ahmedshafik.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Colon, Sigmoid / physiology*
Defecation / physiology*
Electromyography / instrumentation
Electrophysiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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