Document Detail

Detection of passive movement of the arytenoid cartilage in unilateral vocal-fold paralysis by laryngoscopic observation: useful diagnostic findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21971719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In a previous study of patients with unilateral vocal-fold paralysis (UVFP), three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) revealed passive movement during phonation, with the arytenoid cartilage on the paralyzed side pushed to the unaffected side and deviated upwards. The present work compares the 3DCT findings with those obtained by 2-dimensional endoscopy to visualize the vertical passive movement of the arytenoid cartilage. The study population consisted of 23 patients with UVFP and two with laryngeal deviation but normal movement of the vocal folds. Two endoscopic findings represented cranial deviation during phonation: posterior deviation of the arytenoid hump and lateral deviation of the muscular process. These two findings were classified into four grades, ranging from 0 (normal) to 3 (severe). Cranial displacement detected by 3DCT was also classified into four grades. Significant correlations were found between the 3DCT-determined grade of cranial displacement of the arytenoid cartilage and the grade assigned based on the two endoscopic findings. Moreover, lateral deviation of the muscular process was more significantly correlated with 3DCT grade than with endoscopic grade. Thus, endoscopic findings may be useful in the diagnosis of vocal-fold paralysis, and passive lateral deviation of the muscular process as an indicator of UVFP.
Isaku Okamoto; Ryoji Tokashiki; Hiroyuki Hiramatsu; Ray Motohashi; Mamoru Suzuki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-4726     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9002937     Medline TA:  Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, 6-7-1, Shinjuku-ku, Nishi Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan,
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