Document Detail

Detection of ischemia-reperfusion cardiac injury by cardiac muscle chemiluminescence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1435765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Various methods have been used in the past to assess the implication of oxygen free radicals (OFR) in ischemia-reperfusion-induced cardiac injury. Luminol-enhanced tert-butyl-initiated chemiluminescence in cardiac tissue reflects oxidative stress and is a very sensitive method. It was used to elucidate the role of OFR in cardiac injury due to ischemia and reperfusion. Studies were conducted on perfused isolated rabbit hearts in three groups (n = 8 in each): I, control; II, submitted to global ischemia for 30 min; III, submitted to ischemia for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 60 min. The heart tissue was then assayed for chemiluminescence (CL); content of malondialdehyde (MDA), an indicator of OFR-induced cardiac injury; and activity of tissue levels of antioxidants [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)]. The control values for left and right ventricular CL and malondialdehyde were 81.1 +/- 15.4 (S.E.) and 182.4 +/- 50.3 (S.E.), protein-1; and 0.024 +/- 0.006 (S.E.) and 0.324 +/- 0.005 (S.E.) protein-1 respectively. Ischemia produced an increase in the cardiac CL (3.3 to 4.4 fold) and MDA content (2 to 2.6 fold). Reperfusion following ischemia also produced similar changes in CL and MDA content. The control values for activity of left ventricular SOD, catalase, and GSH-Px were 45.77 +/- 1.73 (S.E.) protein-1, 5.35 +/- 0.51 (S.E.) K.10(-3) protein-1, and 77.50 +/- 7.70 (S.E.) nmoles protein-1 respectively. Activities of SOD and catalase decreased during ischemia but were similar to control values in ischemic-reperfused hearts. The GSH-Px activity of left ventricle was unaffected by ischemia, and ischemia-reperfusion. GSH-Px activity of the right ventricle increased with ischemia, and ischemic-reperfusion. These results indicate that cardiac tissue chemiluminescence would be a useful and sensitive tool for the detection of oxygen free radical-induced cardiac injury.
K Prasad; P Lee; S V Mantha; J Kalra; M Prasad; J B Gupta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular biochemistry     Volume:  115     ISSN:  0300-8177     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Cell. Biochem.     Publication Date:  1992 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-12-21     Completed Date:  1992-12-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364456     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Biochem     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-58     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Catalase / analysis
Chemiluminescent Measurements*
Free Radicals
Glutathione Peroxidase / analysis
Malondialdehyde / analysis
Myocardial Ischemia / diagnosis,  metabolism
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / diagnosis*,  metabolism
Myocardium / chemistry*
Oxygen / metabolism
Superoxide Dismutase / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Free Radicals; 542-78-9/Malondialdehyde; 7782-44-7/Oxygen; EC; EC Peroxidase; EC Dismutase

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