Document Detail

Detection of irradiated chicken meat by analysis of lipid extracts for 2-substituted cyclobutanones using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7573971     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The means to detect the irradiation of food has been investigated for many years. In recent times radiolytic products, termed 2-alkylcyclobutanones (2-CBs), have been identified as excellent markers of irradiation in lipid-containing foods. An ELISA test was developed, which was capable of detecting a number of these compounds in irradiated chicken meat. A polyclonal antiserum was raised to a 2-CB containing a terminal carboxyl group conjugated to a carrier protein. This antiserum was highly specific for cyclobutanones containing C10 and C12 side chains. During assay validation the limit of detection of the assay was calculated to be 0.064 microgram of 2-CB per gram of fat, within- and between-assay variations ranged from 6.7 to 18%. During experimental studies, chicken meat irradiated at doses ranging from 2.5 to 10 kGy were assayed and correctly identified as being treated. Quantitative comparisons between the ELISA and GC-MS revealed a good correlation (r2 = 0.93) between the two methodologies in concentrations of 2-CB detected in irradiated samples.
C T Elliott; L Hamilton; M H Stevenson; W J McCaughey; D Boyd
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Analyst     Volume:  120     ISSN:  0003-2654     ISO Abbreviation:  Analyst     Publication Date:  1995 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-11-14     Completed Date:  1995-11-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372652     Medline TA:  Analyst     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2337-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Agriculture for Northern Ireland, Belfast, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Butanones / analysis*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Food Irradiation*
Lipids / radiation effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Butanones; 0/Lipids

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