Document Detail

Detection and identification of wild yeast contaminants of the industrial fuel ethanol fermentation process.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18188645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Monitoring for wild yeast contaminants is an essential component of the management of the industrial fuel ethanol manufacturing process. Here we describe the isolation and molecular identification of 24 yeast species present in bioethanol distilleries in northeast Brazil that use sugar cane juice or cane molasses as feeding substrate. Most of the yeast species could be identified readily from their unique amplification-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fingerprint. Yeast of the species Dekkera bruxellensis, Candida tropicalis, Pichia galeiformis, as well as a species of Candida that belongs to the C. intermedia clade, were found to be involved in acute contamination episodes; the remaining 20 species were classified as adventitious. Additional physiologic data confirmed that the presence of these major contaminants cause decreased bioethanol yield. We conclude that PCR fingerprinting can be used in an industrial setting to monitor yeast population dynamics to early identify the presence of the most important contaminant yeasts.
A C M Basílio; P R L de Araújo; J O F de Morais; E A da Silva Filho; M A de Morais; D A Simões
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-01-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current microbiology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0343-8651     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-28     Completed Date:  2008-08-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7808448     Medline TA:  Curr Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  322-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Genética, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
GENBANK/EF554808;  EF554809;  EF554810;  EF554811;  EF554812;  EF554813;  EF554814;  EF554815;  EF554816;  EF554817;  EF554818;  EF554819;  EF554820;  EF554821;  EF554822;  EF554823;  EF554824;  EF554825;  EF554826;  EF554827;  EF554828;  EF554829;  EF554830;  EF554831;  EF554832
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MeSH Terms
DNA, Fungal / chemistry,  genetics
DNA, Intergenic / genetics
DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry,  genetics
Ethanol / metabolism*
Genes, rRNA
Industrial Microbiology*
Molasses / microbiology
Molecular Sequence Data
Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
RNA, Fungal / genetics
RNA, Ribosomal / genetics
RNA, Ribosomal, 5.8S / genetics
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Sucrose / metabolism
Yeasts / classification*,  isolation & purification*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Fungal; 0/DNA, Intergenic; 0/DNA, Ribosomal; 0/RNA, Fungal; 0/RNA, Ribosomal; 0/RNA, Ribosomal, 5.8S; 0/RNA, ribosomal, 26S; 57-50-1/Sucrose; 64-17-5/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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