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Detection of Pepsin in mouth swab: correlation with clinical gastroesophageal reflux in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23311720     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract: Objective: To study the relationship between pepsinogen/pepsin in a mouth swab and clinical gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in preterm infants. Methods: Preterm infants [birth weight (BW) ≤ 2000 grams] on full enteral feeds were enrolled. Mouth swabs from cheek and below the tongue were collected 1, 2 and 3 hours after feeding. An enzymatic assay with substrate FITC-casein was used to detect pepsin A and C activity with further confirmation by Western blot. Blinded investigators reviewed the infant's medical record to clinically diagnose GER. Results: A total of 101 premature infants were enrolled. Pepsinogen/pepsin was detected in 45/101 (44.5%) infants in at least one sample. A clinical diagnosis of GER was made in 36/101 (35.6%) infants. Mouth swabs were positive in 26/36 (72%) infants with clinical GER and only 19/65 (29%) infants without GER (P<0.001). Similarly, the levels of pepsinogen/pepsin A and C were higher in the mouth swabs of infants with clinical GER. Conclusion: The detection of pepsinogen/pepsin in a mouth swab correlates with clinical GER in premature infants.
Authors:
Sabeena Farhath; Zhaoping He; Judy Saslow; Sam Soundar; Barbara Amendolia; Vishwanath Bhat; Kee Pyon; Gary Stahl; Dev Mehta; Zubair H Aghai
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics/Neonatology, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ.
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