Document Detail


Detection of Dynamic Background due to Swaying Motions from Motion Features.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25494505     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dynamically changing background ('dynamic background') still presents a great challenge to many motion-based video surveillance systems. In the context of event detection, it is a major source of false alarms. There is a strong need from the security industry either to detect and suppress these false alarms, or dampen the effects of background changes, so as to increase the sensitivity to meaningful events of interest. In this paper, we restrict our focus to one of the most common causes of dynamic background changes: that of swaying tree branches and their shadows under windy conditions. Considering the ultimate goal in a video analytics pipeline, we formulate a new dynamic background detection problem as a signal processing alternative to the previously described but unreliable computer vision-based approaches. Within this new framework, we directly reduce the number of false alarms by testing if the detected events are due to characteristic background motions. In addition, we introduce a new dataset suitable for the evaluation of dynamic background detection. It consists of real-world events detected by a commercial surveillance system from two static surveillance cameras. The research question we address is whether dynamic background can be detected reliably and efficiently using simple motion features and in the presence of similar but meaningful events such as loitering. Inspired by the tree aerodynamics theory, we propose a novel method named local variation persistence (LVP), that captures the key characteristics of swaying motions. The method is posed as a convex optimization problem whose variable is the local variation. We derive a computationally efficient algorithm for solving the optimization problem, the solution of which is then used to form a powerful detection statistic. On our newly collected dataset, we demonstrate that the proposed LVP achieves excellent detection results and outperforms the best alternative adapted from existing art in the dynamic background literature.
Authors:
Duc-Son Pham; Ognjen Arandjelovic; Svetha Venkatesh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  IEEE transactions on image processing : a publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1941-0042     ISO Abbreviation:  IEEE Trans Image Process     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9886191     Medline TA:  IEEE Trans Image Process     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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