Document Detail


Detailed analysis of food-reinforced operant lever pressing distinguishes effects of a cannabinoid CB1 inverse agonist and dopamine D1 and D2 antagonists.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20403373     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Overt similarities exist between the effects of systemic cannabinoid CB1 inverse agonists and dopamine (DA) antagonists on appetitive behavior. The present set of studies was undertaken to apply a fine-grained analysis of food-reinforced operant lever pressing in rats in order to compare the pattern of effects produced by administration of the CB1 inverse agonist AM 251 and those induced by the DA D1 antagonist SKF 83566, and the D2 antagonist raclopride. Three groups of rats were trained on a fixed-ratio 5 (FR5) schedule and administered these compounds over a range of doses expected to suppress responding. All three drugs produced a dose-related suppression of total lever pressing. In addition to main effects of dose, regression analyses were performed to determine which of several response timing- and rate-related variables correlated most strongly with overall responding in each group. It was found that total session time spent pausing from responding was significantly better at predicting responding in the AM 251 group, while both DA antagonists produced significantly stronger regression coefficients (versus AM 251) from fast responding measures. These results suggest that, while several similarities exist, CB1, D1, and D2 antagonists are not identical in their pattern of suppression of food-maintained lever pressing.
Authors:
P J McLaughlin; K M Winston; L A Swezey; V K Vemuri; A Makriyannis; J D Salamone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2010-04-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior     Volume:  96     ISSN:  1873-5177     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367050     Medline TA:  Pharmacol Biochem Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  75-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-1020, USA. pmclaughlin@edinboro.edu
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