Document Detail

Detailed MR imaging anatomy of the cisternal segments of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and spinal accessory nerves in the posterior fossa: the use of 3D balanced fast-field echo MR imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19321628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The cisternal segments of the lower cranial nerves (CNs) adjacent to the jugular foramen (JF) are difficult to identify reliably by routine MR imaging. We performed a 3D balanced fast-field echo imaging technique (3D-bFFE) to obtain detailed anatomy of the cisternal segments of CNs IX, X, and XI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D-bFFE was used to image the cisternal segments of the lower CNs in 20 healthy volunteers. As an anatomic landmark, CSF recesses adjacent to the JF were divided into 3 parts: the recess for the cochlear aqueduct, the recess for CN IX, and the recess for the CN X/XI complex. MR images were evaluated to identify the cisternal segment of each cranial nerve in relation to these anatomic landmarks. RESULTS: The mean angles of the recess for the cochlear aqueduct for CN IX and CN X/XI to the posterior petrous bone were 41.6 +/- 2.5 degrees , 69.7 +/- 3.1 degrees , and 76.0 +/- 3.4 degrees , respectively (P < .01). The mean length of the recess for the cochlear aqueduct for CN IX and the CN X/XI complex was 5.91 +/- 0.19, 5.08 +/- 0.11, and 4.76 +/- 0.13 cm, respectively (P < .01). 3D-bFFE adequately depicted the cisternal segments of CN IX on 38 sides (95%) and the CN X/XI complex on 39 sides (97.5%). CONCLUSIONS: The cisternal segments of CN IX, CN X, and CN XI are well identified by using 3D-bFFE, especially by determining the angles of the CSF recesses adjacent to the JF.
W-J Moon; H G Roh; E C Chung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-03-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-12     Completed Date:  2009-08-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1116-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Accessory Nerve / anatomy & histology*
Echo-Planar Imaging / methods*
Glossopharyngeal Nerve / anatomy & histology*
Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
Middle Aged
Models, Anatomic*
Spinal Cord / anatomy & histology*
Vagus Nerve / anatomy & histology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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