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Designing Functional siRNA with Reduced Off-Target Effects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23027045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
RNA interference (RNAi) mediated by small interfering RNA (siRNA) is now widely used to knock down gene expression in a sequence-specific manner, making it a powerful tool not only for studying gene functions but also for therapeutic applications. siRNA decreases the expression level of the intended target gene with complete complementarity by cleaving its mRNA. However, the efficacy of each siRNA widely varies depending on its sequence in mammalian cells; only a limited fraction of randomly designed siRNAs is functional. Moreover, off-target silencing effects arise when the siRNA has partial complementarity in the seed region with unintended genes. Here, we describe the rational designing of functional, off-target effect-reduced siRNAs using siDirect 2.0 Web server (http://siDirect2.RNAi.jp/). By using the default parameters, siDirect 2.0 can design at least one qualified siRNA for >94% of human mRNA sequences in the RefSeq database.
Authors:
Yuki Naito; Kumiko Ui-Tei
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)     Volume:  942     ISSN:  1940-6029     ISO Abbreviation:  Methods Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214969     Medline TA:  Methods Mol Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  57-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
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