Document Detail

Design and biological evaluation of (99m)Tc-N2S2-Tat(49-57)-c(RGDyK): A hybrid radiopharmaceutical for tumors expressing α(v)β(3) integrins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23618768     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The α(ν)β(3) integrin is over-expressed in the tumor neovasculature and the tumor cells of glioblastomas. The HIV Tat-derived peptide has been used to deliver various cargos into cells. The aim of this research was to synthesize and assess the in vitro and in vivo uptake of (99m)Tc-N2S2-Tat(49-57)-c(RGDyK) ((99m)Tc-Tat-RGD) in α(ν)β(3) integrin positive cancer cells and compare it to that of a conventional (99m)Tc-RGD peptide ((99m)Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-E-[c(RGDfK)]2). Methods: The c(RGDyK) peptide was conjugated to a maleimidopropionyl (MP) moiety through Lys, and the MP group was used as the branch position to form a thioether with the Cys(12) side chain of the Tat(49-57)-spacer-N2S2 peptide. (99m)Tc-Tat-RGD was prepared, and stability studies were carried out by size exclusion HPLC analyses in human serum. The in vitro affinity for α(v)β(3) integrin was determined by a competitive binding assay. In vitro internalization was determined using glioblastoma C6 cells. Biodistribution studies were accomplished in athymic mice with C6 induced tumors that had blocked and unblocked receptors. Images were obtained using a micro-SPECT/CT. Results: (99m)Tc-Tat-RGD was obtained with a radiochemical purity higher than 95%, as determined by radio-HPLC and ITLC-SG analyses. Protein binding was 15.7% for (99m)Tc-Tat-RGD and 5.6% for (99m)Tc-RGD. The IC50 values were 6.7 nM ((99m)Tc-Tat-RGD) and 4.6 nM ((99m)Tc-RGD). Internalization in C6 cells was higher in (99m)Tc-Tat-RGD (37.5%) than in (99m)Tc-RGD (10%). Biodistribution studies and in vivo micro-SPECT/CT images in mice showed higher tumor uptake for (99m)Tc-Tat-RGD (6.98%±1.34% ID/g at 3h) than that of (99m)Tc-RGD (3.72%±0.52% ID/g at 3h) with specific recognition for α(v)β(3) integrins. Conclusions: Because of the significant cell internalization (Auger and internal conversion electrons) and specific recognition for α(v)β(3) integrins, the hybrid (99m)Tc-N2S2-Tat(49-57)-c(RGDyK) radiopharmaceutical is potentially useful for the imaging and possible therapy of tumors expressing α(v)β(3) integrins.
Blanca E Ocampo-García; Clara L Santos-Cuevas; Luis M De León-Rodríguez; Rocío García-Becerra; David Ordaz-Rosado; Myrna A Luna-Guitiérrez; Nallely P Jiménez-Mancilla; Mario E Romero-Piña; Guillermina Ferro-Flores
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nuclear medicine and biology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1872-9614     ISO Abbreviation:  Nucl. Med. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304420     Medline TA:  Nucl Med Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  481-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Departamento de Materiales Radiactivos, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Estado de México, Mexico.
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