Document Detail

Descriptive analysis of cocaine use of methadone patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8102332     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The increasing prevalence of cocaine use among opioid-dependent participants in methadone treatment has been documented, but there is little information about the quantity-frequency aspects of use. This study examined the cocaine use of methadone maintenance patients to determine amounts and patterns of use as well as use in combination with other drugs. Forty-five cocaine using methadone maintenance patients (78% used i.v.) reported their drug use for each day over the past 7 days after receiving information about their most recent urinalysis test results. Average reported use was 0.23 g cocaine/day on 3.4 days/week. Heroin and cocaine were typically used simultaneously, while only a subset of patients (47%) who used alcohol drank within close proximity to cocaine. Patients who used cocaine with alcohol and/or heroin on the same day (N = 28) reported more cocaine use (M = 1.0 g/week) than patients who used cocaine alone (N = 17; M = 0.49 g/week). The results suggest that methadone maintenance patients generally engage in relatively low dose cocaine use, especially when compared to non opioid dependent patients applying to cocaine treatment programs. The study further shows that patients had clear preferences for drug use combinations, which suggests that interventions for cocaine use might focus on modifying drugs used in combination with cocaine.
M Kidorf; M L Stitzer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0376-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  1993 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-09-16     Completed Date:  1993-09-16     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  267-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Francis Scott Key Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224.
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholism / epidemiology
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Baltimore / epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Heroin Dependence / epidemiology,  rehabilitation
Methadone / therapeutic use*
Opioid-Related Disorders / epidemiology,  rehabilitation*
Psychotropic Drugs*
Street Drugs*
Substance Abuse Detection
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*,  rehabilitation
Urban Population*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Anxiety Agents; 0/Psychotropic Drugs; 0/Street Drugs; 12794-10-4/Benzodiazepines; 50-36-2/Cocaine; 76-99-3/Methadone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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