Document Detail


Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty: comparative outcomes with microkeratome-dissected and manually dissected donor tissue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16935344     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes with 2 donor dissection methods for Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK). DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized case series. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred thirty consecutive transplants, 114 with manually dissected and 216 with microkeratome-dissected donor tissue. METHODS: Donor posterior stroma/endothelium was transplanted, after stripping recipient Descemet's membrane/endothelium and dissecting the donor tissue by hand or with a microkeratome. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidences of donor perforation and donor detachment were compared for all eyes. Visual and refractive outcomes were compared for the first 100 consecutive eyes in each group. RESULTS: Visual recovery was faster with microkeratome-dissected donor tissue, as evidenced by statistically better best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (VA) in that group 1 month after surgery (P = 0.015). Best spectacle-corrected VA was statistically comparable for the 2 groups preoperatively and 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Best spectacle-corrected VA was not correlated significantly with postoperative central corneal thickness (P = 0.25). Corneal thickness was significantly higher in the microkeratome group (690+/-77 mum, compared with 610+/-62 mum after hand dissection; P<0.0001). Mean refractive astigmatism was 1.5 diopters (D) preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively in both groups. Spherical equivalent refraction did not change in the microkeratome group (P = 0.64) but increased by 0.66 D in the hand dissection group (P = 0.0007). Methods designed to remove fluid from the donor/recipient graft interface ultimately reduced the detachment rate to <1% (1 in the last 140 cases). No donor perforations occurred in 216 microkeratome dissections, compared with 5 in 114 hand dissections (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Microkeratome dissection reduced the risk of donor tissue perforation, provided faster visual recovery after DSEK, and did not alter the refractive outcome.
Authors:
Marianne O Price; Francis W Price
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2006-08-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmology     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1549-4713     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmology     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-31     Completed Date:  2006-11-21     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802443     Medline TA:  Ophthalmology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1936-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cornea Research Foundation of America, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. mprice@cornea.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Cornea / surgery*
Corneal Transplantation / adverse effects,  methods*
Descemet Membrane / surgery*
Dissection / adverse effects,  instrumentation*,  methods*
Endothelium, Corneal / surgery*
Female
Humans
Intraoperative Complications
Male
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications
Recovery of Function
Refraction, Ocular
Retrospective Studies
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Vision, Ocular

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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