Document Detail


Desalination of brackish groundwater by direct contact membrane distillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20388998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) applied for desalination of brackish groundwater with self-made polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes was presented in the paper. The PVDF membrane exhibited high rejection of non-volatile inorganic salt solutes and a maximum permeate flux 24.5 kg m(-2) h(-1) was obtained with feed temperature at 70 degrees C. The DCMD experimental results indicated that the feed concentration had no significant influence on the permeate flux and the rejection of solute. When natural groundwater was used directly as the feed, the precipitation of CaCO(3) would be formed and clog the hollow fibre inlets with gradual concentration of the feed, which resulted in a rapid decline of the module efficiency. The negative influence of scaling could be eliminated by acidification of the feed. Finally, a 250 h DCMD continuous desalination experiment of acidified groundwater with the concentration factor at constant 4.0 was carried out. The permeate flux kept stable and the permeate conductivity was less than 7.0 microS cm(-1) during this process. Furthermore, there was no deposit observed on the membrane surface. All of these demonstrated that DCMD could be efficiently used for production of high-quality potable water from brackish groundwater with water recovery as high as 75%.
Authors:
D Y Hou; J Wang; D Qu; Z K Luan; C W Zhao; X J Ren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0273-1223     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-14     Completed Date:  2010-06-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9879497     Medline TA:  Water Sci Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2013-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2871, Beijing 100085, People's Republic Of China. deyinhou@126.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Distillation / instrumentation,  methods*
Feasibility Studies
Membranes, Artificial*
Polyvinyls / chemistry*
Temperature
Water / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Membranes, Artificial; 0/Polyvinyls; 24937-79-9/polyvinylidene fluoride; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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