Document Detail


Dermal exposure to chromium in electroplating.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15059804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to measure the dermal and respiratory exposure levels of hexavalent chromium during electroplating work. METHODS: Potential dermal exposure of the body was measured with patch samples and actual exposure of hands with hand-wash samples. For comparison, personal air samples were also collected. RESULTS: The exposure varied widely between workers. The range of body and hand exposure to the electroplating solution was 0.17-28.1 mg/h and 0.04-6.37 mg/h, respectively. Hands and lower limbs were the most contaminated body parts. CONCLUSIONS: The results of breathing zone samples and dermal exposure did not correlate with each other. In manual electroplating processes, dermal exposure was higher than in semi-automatic and automatic processes. The amount of hexavalent chromium the workers were exposed to is probably high enough to cause a risk of skin sensitization.
Authors:
Milja Mäkinen; Markku Linnainmaa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of occupational hygiene     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0003-4878     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Occup Hyg     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-02     Completed Date:  2004-07-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203526     Medline TA:  Ann Occup Hyg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  277-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Kuopio Regional Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 93, FIN-70701 Kuopio, Finland. milja.makinen@ttl.fi
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Automation
Chromium / analysis*
Electroplating*
Hand
Handwashing
Humans
Inhalation Exposure / analysis
Leg
Occupational Exposure / analysis*
Patch Tests / methods
Skin*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-47-3/Chromium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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