Document Detail

Depth, motion, and static-flow perception at metaisoluminant color contrast.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1438226     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Many experiments concerned with the role of color in depth and motion perception have applied isoluminant random-dot stereograms and cinematograms. The poor performance in the absence of luminance contrast has been associated with color-blindness of stereopsis and motion perception (Livingstone, M.S. & Hubel, D.H. (1987) J. Neurosci. 7, 3416-3468). Nevertheless, isoluminant stimuli are not fully accepted as appropriate tools in isolating central mechanisms (Logothetis, N.K., Schiller, P.H., Charles, E.R. & Hurlbert, A.C. (1990) Science 247, 214-217). In our experiments we use a broad luminance range to test whether color can contribute to a given mechanism when luminance contrast is present but has a strong "veto" effect from opposite luminance contrast, a condition we named "metaisoluminance." There is no fusion in stereopsis under polarity reversal, when only luminance information is given, and reversed-phi phenomenon is experienced for motion. As a third "matching" task, we included polarity-reversed random-dot Glass-patterns, which exhibit "static flow" and also show pattern reversal. We found that color can counteract the effects of polarity reversal by restoring stereoscopic fusion and reversed phi motion and does it with increased efficiency as the hue contrast increases. We found no such effect of color in Glass-patterns. Thus, we showed that the visual system for binocular depth and motion perception is not color-blind, although correlated hue information under metaisoluminance does not appear to yield shape perception.
I Kovaćs; B Julesz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  1992 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-12-11     Completed Date:  1992-12-11     Revised Date:  2010-09-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  10390-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Vision Research, Rugers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903.
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception*
Contrast Sensitivity
Depth Perception*
Dominance, Cerebral
Motion Perception*
Photic Stimulation
Vision, Binocular

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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