Document Detail

Deprivation, low birth weight, and children's height: a comparison between rural and urban areas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8281087     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare proportions of low birthweight babies and mean heights of schoolchildren between rural and urban areas at different levels of social deprivation. DESIGN: Cross sectional population based study classifying cases by Townsend material deprivation index of enumeration district of residence and by rural areas, small towns, and large towns. SETTING: Northumberland Health District. SUBJECTS: 18,930 singleton infants delivered alive during January 1985 to September 1990 and resident in Northumberland in October 1990; 9055 children aged 5 to 8 1/2 years attending Northumberland schools in the winter of 1989-90. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Odds ratios for birth weight less than 2800 g; difference in mean height measured by standard deviation (SD) score. RESULTS: Between the most deprived and most affluent 20% of enumeration districts the odds ratio for low birth weight adjusted for rural or urban setting was 1.71 (95% confidence interval 1.51 to 1.93) and the difference in mean height -0.232 SD score (-0.290 to -0.174). Between large towns and rural areas the odds ratio for low birth weight adjusted for deprivation was 1.37 (1.23 to 1.53) and the difference in mean height -0.162 SD score (-0.214 to -0.110). Results for small towns were intermediate between large towns and rural areas. CONCLUSIONS: Inequalities in birth weight and height exist in all rural and urban settings between deprived and affluent areas. In addition, there is substantial disadvantage to living in urban areas compared with rural areas which results from social or environmental factors unrelated to current levels of deprivation.
R Reading; S Raybould; S Jarvis
Related Documents :
8772867 - Anthropometric indices, cord length and placental weight in newborns.
11844907 - Gestational age at intrauterine myelomeningocele repair does not influence the risk of ...
1553177 - Influence of fetal fat on the ultrasound estimation of fetal weight in diabetic mothers.
20819217 - Association of maternal serum concentrations of 2,2', 4,4'5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (cb-1...
2134777 - Caregiver contacts experienced by premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.
7700727 - The influence of artificial ventilation on heart rate variability in very preterm infants.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMJ (Clinical research ed.)     Volume:  307     ISSN:  0959-8138     ISO Abbreviation:  BMJ     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-02-14     Completed Date:  1994-02-14     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8900488     Medline TA:  BMJ     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1458-62     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Northumberland Health Authority.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Body Height*
Child Welfare
Cohort Studies
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Poverty Areas
Rural Health / statistics & numerical data*
Social Class
Urban Health / statistics & numerical data*
Comment In:
BMJ. 1994 Feb 5;308(6925):413-4   [PMID:  8166851 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Relation between birth weight and blood pressure: longitudinal study of infants and children.
Next Document:  How valuable is feedback of information on hospital referral patterns?