Document Detail


Depressive symptoms interfere with post-rehabilitation exercise: Outcome expectancies and experience as mediators.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22416795     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms and physical exercise by unveiling how outcome expectancies regarding exercise and positive exercise experience could mediate between depressive symptoms and exercise. A longitudinal study included 178 cardiac and orthopedic rehabilitation patients in Germany. Patients responded to psychometric scales at two points in time with a six-week interval, assessing depressive symptoms (Time 1), outcome expectancies regarding exercise (Time 1), exercise experiences (Time 2), and exercise behavior (Times 1 and 2). Depressive symptoms were negatively related to physical exercise (r =- 0.18), to positive outcome expectancies (r =- 0.23), and to positive exercise experiences (r =- 0.26). In a multiple-step mediation model, expectancies and experiences mediated between depressive symptoms and exercise. In total, 15% of the exercise variance was accounted for. Outcome expectancies and a lack of positive experience seem to partly explain why depressed individuals are less likely to exercise.
Authors:
Sarah Pomp; Lena Fleig; Ralf Schwarzer; Sonia Lippke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology, health & medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1465-3966     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9604099     Medline TA:  Psychol Health Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Freie Universität Berlin , Berlin , Germany.
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