Document Detail


Depression of Ammonia Uptake to Sulfuric Acid Aerosols by Competing Uptake of Ambient Organic Gases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21405082     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The neutralization of acidic aerosols by ammonia has been studied through experiments which combine ambient air with laboratory generated sulfuric acid aerosol. Results indicated that acidic aerosol mixed with organic free air and ammonia was neutralized on a time scale <1 min, consistent with expectations. However, in the presence of ambient organic gases and ammonia, the rate of aerosol neutralization is significantly reduced. This reduction in ammonia uptake was concurrent with an increase in the amount of particle phase organics. A steady state in the NH(4)(+)/SO(4)(2-) in the presence of organic gases was established on time scales of 10 min to several hours, corresponding to NH(3) uptake coefficients in the range of 4 × 10(-3)-2 × 10(-4). The degree to which neutralization was slowed was dependent upon the initial ammonia concentration and the organic mass added to the aerosols. These results suggest that inorganic equilibrium thermodynamic models may overestimate the rate of ammonia uptake and that ambient particles may remain acidic for longer than previously expected.
Authors:
John Liggio; Shao-Meng Li; Alexander Vlasenko; Craig Stroud; Paul Makar
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5851     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Atmospheric Science and Technology Directorate, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada , 4905 Dufferin Street, Toronto, Ontario M3H 5T4, Canada.
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