Document Detail

Dependence of bronchoconstrictor and bronchodilator responses on thoracic gas compression volume.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25039769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: During forced expiration, alveolar pressure (PALV ) increases and intrathoracic gas is compressed. Thus, 1-s forced expiratory volume measured by spirometry (FEV1-sp ) is smaller than 1-s forced expiratory volume measured by plethysmography (FEV1-pl ). Thoracic gas compression volume (TGCV) depends on the amount of gas within the lung when expiratory flow limitation occurs in the airways. We therefore tested the hypothesis that bronchoconstrictor and bronchodilator responses using FEV1-sp are biased by height and gender, which are major determinants of lung volume.
METHODS: We studied 54 asthmatics during methacholine challenge and 55 subjects with airway obstruction (FEV1-sp increase >200 mL and >12% after salbutamol) measuring at the same time FEV1-sp or FEV1-pl .
RESULTS: During methacholine challenge, TGCV increased more in males than females, correlated with PALV , total lung capacity (TLC) and height, and the provocative dose was lower using FEV1-sp than FEV1-pl . With salbutamol, FEV1-pl increased <200 mL and <12% in 28 subjects, predominantly tall males, with larger TLC, TGCV and PALV .
CONCLUSIONS: Bronchoconstrictor and bronchodilator responses are overestimated by standard spirometry in subjects with larger lungs because of TGCV.
Riccardo Pellegrino; Andrea Antonelli; Emanuele Crimi; Carlo Gulotta; Roberto Torchio; Luca Dutto; Ole F Pedersen; Vito Brusasco
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respirology (Carlton, Vic.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1843     ISO Abbreviation:  Respirology     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9616368     Medline TA:  Respirology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.
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