Document Detail

Deontological and Utilitarian Inclinations in Moral Decision Making: A Process Dissociation Approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23276267     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Dual-process theories of moral judgment suggest that responses to moral dilemmas are guided by two moral principles: the principle of deontology states that the morality of an action depends on the intrinsic nature of the action (e.g., harming others is wrong regardless of its consequences); the principle of utilitarianism implies that the morality of an action is determined by its consequences (e.g., harming others is acceptable if it increases the well-being of a greater number of people). Despite the proposed independence of the moral inclinations reflecting these principles, previous work has relied on operationalizations in which stronger inclinations of one kind imply weaker inclinations of the other kind. The current research applied Jacoby's (1991) process dissociation procedure to independently quantify the strength of deontological and utilitarian inclinations within individuals. Study 1 confirmed the usefulness of process dissociation for capturing individual differences in deontological and utilitarian inclinations, revealing positive correlations of both inclinations to moral identity. Moreover, deontological inclinations were uniquely related to empathic concern, perspective-taking, and religiosity, whereas utilitarian inclinations were uniquely related to need for cognition. Study 2 demonstrated that cognitive load selectively reduced utilitarian inclinations, with deontological inclinations being unaffected. In Study 3, a manipulation designed to enhance empathy increased deontological inclinations, with utilitarian inclinations being unaffected. These findings provide evidence for the independent contributions of deontological and utilitarian inclinations to moral judgments, resolving many theoretical ambiguities implied by previous research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
Paul Conway; Bertram Gawronski
Related Documents :
12109267 - Conditions for a theoretical biology: is biology truly an autonomous science?
18536727 - Systems biology of persistent infection: tuberculosis as a case study.
7785077 - Platyfish and swordtails: a genetic system for the analysis of molecular mechanisms in ...
23276267 - Deontological and utilitarian inclinations in moral decision making: a process dissocia...
17105397 - Embryonic stem cell research: the state of the union of "those who create the lines" an...
9583337 - Relational and overt forms of peer victimization: a multiinformant approach.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-1315     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Getting better with age: the relationship between age, acceptance, and negative affect.
Next Document:  The Dynamic Interplay Between Perceived True Self-Knowledge and Decision Satisfaction.