Document Detail


Dentocraniofacial morphology of 12 Japanese subjects with unilateral cleft lip and palate with a severe Class III malocclusion: a cephalometric study at the pretreatment stage of surgical orthodontic treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11681993     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The present study clarifies the dentocraniofacial morphology of patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) with severe Class III malocclusion prior to surgical orthodontic treatment. METHODS: The sample was 12 Japanese male subjects with repaired complete unilateral CLP (surgical CLP group; 21.2 +/- 1.92 years in mean age). Two sets of patients without CLP Class III malocclusion, consisting of 19 male subjects treated by surgical orthodontic treatment (surgical Class III group; 23.4 +/- 6.35 years in mean age) and 14 male subjects treated by nonsurgical orthodontic treatment (nonsurgical Class III group; 18.7 +/- 3.49 years in mean age) were used as controls. Analyses were performed using lateral and posteroanterior (P-A) cephalograms. RESULTS: (1) The surgical CLP group showed significantly smaller values for overjet, SNA angle, and inclination of the maxillary incisor as compared with those of the surgical and nonsurgical Class III controls. The values of SNB, mandibular effective length, and ramus height in the surgical CLP group were significantly smaller than those of the surgical Class III group but were similar to those of the nonsurgical Class III group. (2) The mandible and the upper and lower dental arches deviated laterally toward the cleft side. The displacement of the mandible was correlated with that of the maxilla. These results show that CLP patients who required surgical orthodontic treatment had a characteristic dentocraniofacial morphology, compared to controls without CLP with Class III malocclusion.
Authors:
C Tateishi; K Moriyama; T Takano-Yamamoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1055-6656     ISO Abbreviation:  Cleft Palate Craniofac. J.     Publication Date:  2001 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-29     Completed Date:  2002-01-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102566     Medline TA:  Cleft Palate Craniofac J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  597-605     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Cephalometry*
Cleft Lip / complications*,  pathology
Cleft Palate / complications*,  pathology
Dental Arch / pathology
Facial Bones / pathology*
Humans
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Japan
Male
Malocclusion, Angle Class III / complications*,  pathology,  surgery
Mandible / pathology,  surgery
Maxilla / pathology,  surgery
Nasal Bone / pathology
Orthodontics, Corrective
Osteotomy / methods
Osteotomy, Le Fort
Patient Care Planning
Sella Turcica / pathology
Skull / pathology*
Statistics as Topic
Statistics, Nonparametric
Tooth / pathology*
Vertical Dimension

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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