Document Detail

Dental health in patients infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A study of 94 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9203747     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The dental health of 94 HIV-positive patients was investigated by the sum of carious, missing and filling teeth (DMF index), plaque (Silness and Löe) and bleeding point indices (Lenox and Kopczyk). Blood parameters were evaluated, including total lymphocytes, CD4+ lymphocytes, beta-2-microglobulin, platelets, the Quick index, and immunoglobulins (IgG, IgM and IgA). Patient oral parameters were contrasted with risk group (intravenous drug users homo- and heterosexuals) and controls. An evaluation was also made of differences in dental condition as a function of CD4+ cell number, according to the latest CDC classification (1992). HIV-positive intravenous drug users were found to present poorer DMF, plaque and bleeding point indices than the rest of the patients. No relationship was observed between CD4+ cell numbers in blood and dental condition, thus suggesting that the deteriorated dental health observed is a consequence of factors inherent to the risk groups involved rather than of the altered blood parameters.
J Güarinos; J V Bagán; P Martínez-Canut
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin du Groupèment international pour la recherche scientifique en stomatologie & odontologie     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0250-4693     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull Group Int Rech Sci Stomatol Odontol     Publication Date:    1996 Jun-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-26     Completed Date:  1997-08-26     Revised Date:  2012-06-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801698     Medline TA:  Bull Group Int Rech Sci Stomatol Odontol     Country:  BELGIUM    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  119-22     Citation Subset:  D; IM; X    
Valencia University, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
DMF Index
Dental Plaque Index
HIV Infections* / immunology*
Homosexuality / statistics & numerical data
Oral Health*
Periodontal Index
Risk Factors
Sexuality / statistics & numerical data
Substance Abuse, Intravenous / immunology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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