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Dental health education programme for 6-year-olds: a cluster randomised controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22077684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: Oral health is a reflection of general health and significantly influences the quality of life. Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood which may adversely affect physical, mental and social growth of children. Oral hygiene methods can effectively prevent oral and dental diseases, and oral hygiene education plays an important role in this regard. The aim of the present study was then to assess the effect of oral hygiene education on the oral and dental health of 6-year-olds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hundred and sixty 6-year-old children from 4 pre-school centers were divided into two groups, case and control, in this cluster randomised controlled trail. The children in the case group received oral and dental education in one session. The parents of the case group were also instructed in one session. The children and parents of the control group did not receive any instructions. Plaque index (PI): Turesky-Gilmore- Glickman; gingival index (GI): Loe and Silness; at a) baseline, b) 1.5 and c) 6 months after the first examination. Data were analysed by repeated measure ANOVA. RESULTS: PI: A significant difference was found between the baseline examination and the first follow-up (p<0.001), and between the baseline examination and the second follow-up (p<0.001). GI: Although values in the case group were lower, no statistically significant difference was found between the two groups and within each group (p>0.05). Regarding the number of brushing times, a statistically significant difference was found between the first and the second follow-ups of the study groups (p>0.05). The brushing type and the application of other hygienic measures did not show any difference (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of the present study, it may be concluded that oral hygiene instruction to 6-year-old children and their parents improves their dental health.
Authors:
N Esfahanizadeh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of paediatric dentistry : official journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1591-996X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101121881     Medline TA:  Eur J Paediatr Dent     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  167-170     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Assistant professor, Department of Periodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Azad University of Tehran; Tehran, Iran.
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