Document Detail

Dental features in patients with Turner syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17168624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: This was to investigate the dental characteristics (caries sensitivity and tooth crown size of permanent elements) in subjects affected by Turner Syndrome (TS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of 25 patients affected by TS, aged from 4 to 18 years, was selected and the data were compared to those of an age matched control healthy group. The caries index values in TS patients are higher in the permanent (6.4 vs. 3.9), mixed (0.5 vs. 0.75) and primary dentition (0 vs. 1). The mesio-distal diameter in TS patients was significantly reduced for every tooth measured (in particular for the lower first permanent molar). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: This investigation confirms that numeric aberration of the X chromosome most likely affects the quantitative and qualitative excretion of amelogenin so that teeth often present enamel defects (reduced crown size and enamel hypoplasia). High caries index values (DMFT) highlight the demand of early preventive measures mostly focused on special care patients.
A Faggella; M G Guadagni; S Cocchi; T Tagariello; G Piana
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of paediatric dentistry : official journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1591-996X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Paediatr Dent     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-15     Completed Date:  2007-04-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101121881     Medline TA:  Eur J Paediatr Dent     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  165-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Dental Science, Special Care Patients Unit, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Child, Preschool
DMF Index
Dental Caries Susceptibility / genetics
Dental Enamel Hypoplasia / genetics*
Tooth Crown / abnormalities*,  pathology
Turner Syndrome / complications,  genetics*

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