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Dental or Skeletal Relapse After Sagittal Split Osteotomy Advancement Surgery? Long-Term Follow-Up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21741141     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the short- and long-term stability of mandibular advancement surgery with sagittal split osteotomy (SSO), and to investigate when relapse occurs and identify variables contributing to relapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients with Class II anomalies were included; the mean age at surgery was 33.0 years. All underwent SSO surgery and clinical and radiologic follow-up at 8 weeks, 1 year, and 13 years. Model analysis, cephalometric analysis, and clinical examinations were performed at each control. RESULTS: Mean overjet relapse from 8 weeks to 13 years was 2.3 mm (range, 0 to 7.0 mm). Between 8 weeks and 1 year, mean overjet relapse was 0.6 mm (range, -1.0 to 4.0 mm), and it was 1.7 mm (range, -1.0 to 6.0 mm) between 1 year and 13 years. Overjet relapse greater than 4 mm was found in 13.9% of the patients. Mean overjet 1 year after surgery was 2.6 mm and was significantly increased compared with 8 weeks (P = .006). Mean overjet 13 years after surgery was 4.3 mm and was significantly increased compared with 1 year (P < .001). Inferior incisor line to nasion-B-point was 29.0° at 8 weeks after surgery and 25.4° at 13 years (P = .001). Insignificant changes in the other cephalometric variables were found at follow-up. CONCLUSION: SSO advancement surgery is a relatively stable technique over time. Mean overjet relapse was found to be 2.3 mm after 13 years, following a continuous pattern over time. The cephalometric variables showed insignificant changes during follow-up, indicating that relapses are mainly of dental and not skeletal origin.
Ketil Moen; Per Johan Wisth; Siren Skaale; Olav Egil Bøe; Knut Tornes
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-5053     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206428     Medline TA:  J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Resident, Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Head and Neck Division, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
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