Document Detail


Dengue virus-reactive CD8+ T cells display quantitative and qualitative differences in their response to variant epitopes of heterologous viral serotypes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16493038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Reactivation of serotype cross-reactive CD8+ memory T lymphocytes is thought to contribute to the immunopathogenesis of dengue disease during secondary infection by a heterologous serotype. Using cytokine flow cytometry, we have defined four novel HLA-A*02-restricted dengue viral epitopes recognized by up to 1.5% of circulating CD8+ T cells in four donors after primary vaccination. All four donors had the highest cytokine response to the epitope NS4b 2353. We also studied the effect of sequence differences in heterologous dengue serotypes on dengue-reactive CD8+ memory T cell cytokine and proliferative responses. The D3 variant of a different NS4b epitope 2423 and the D2 variant of the NS4a epitope 2148 induced the largest cytokine response, compared with their respective heterologous sequences in all donors regardless of the primary vaccination serotype. Stimulation with variant peptides also altered the relative frequencies of the various subsets of cells that expressed IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, MIP-1beta, and combinations of these cytokines. These results indicate that the prior infection history of the individual as well as the serotypes of the primary and heterologous secondary viruses influence the nature of the secondary response. These differences in the effector functions of serotype cross-reactive memory T cells induced by heterologous variant epitopes, which are both quantitative and qualitative, may contribute to the clinical outcome of secondary dengue infection.
Authors:
Hema S Bashyam; Sharone Green; Alan L Rothman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)     Volume:  176     ISSN:  0022-1767     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-22     Completed Date:  2006-04-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985117R     Medline TA:  J Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2817-24     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Infectious Disease and Vaccine Research, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology*,  metabolism,  virology*
Cells, Cultured
Chemokine CCL4
Dengue Virus / classification*,  immunology*
Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte / genetics,  immunology*
Genetic Variation*
HLA-A Antigens / immunology
Humans
Interferon-gamma / biosynthesis,  genetics
Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins / biosynthesis,  genetics
Serologic Tests
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis,  genetics
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K08 AI01729/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; U19 AI57319/AI/NIAID NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chemokine CCL4; 0/Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte; 0/HLA-A Antigens; 0/HLA-A*0201 antigen; 0/Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins; 0/Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 82115-62-6/Interferon-gamma

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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