Document Detail

Demonstration as a rate enhancer to changes in coordination during early skill acquisition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17365545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We compared the nature and rate of change in intra-limb coordination in participants who observed a video model (model) with those who practised based on verbal guidance only (control). Sixteen male novices threw a ball towards a target with maximal velocity using a back-handed, reverse baseball pitch. Participants in the model group immediately changed their intra-limb relative motion to more closely resemble the model's relative motion pattern. This new coordination pattern, and concomitant changes in ball speed, was maintained throughout acquisition, without further change. In contrast, the control group showed no change in coordination or ball speed across acquisition. Our findings suggest that demonstrations act as a rate enhancer, conveying an immediate movement solution that is adopted early in acquisition. A model may constrain the learner to perceive and imitate the model's relative motion pattern as suggested by Scully and Newell (1985). The stability of this new movement pattern questions accounts of learning, which suggest that prescriptive, directed learning may result in the "soft assembly" of an inaccurate and temporary movement solution.
Robert R Horn; A Mark Williams; Spencer J Hayes; Nicola J Hodges; Mark A Scott
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports sciences     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0264-0414     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-16     Completed Date:  2007-05-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405364     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  599-614     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Exercise Science and Physical Education, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Arm / physiology*
Baseball / physiology*
Imitative Behavior / physiology*
Learning / physiology*
Motor Skills / physiology*
Video Recording
Visual Perception*

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