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Demographic profile of infants with stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity in north India: implications for screening.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21401414     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Purpose: To study demographic profile of infants presenting as stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at a tertiary referral center of North India Methods: A retrospective review of consecutive infants with stage 5 ROP from 1999-2008. Various parameters retrieved included the inborn (born at level III nursery of our institute) /outborn (born outside study center) status, birth weight, gestational age, age at presentation, screening details,treatment details and reasons for consultation Results: Sixty -six infants are included. All infants were outborn (born outside study center). Mean birth weight was 1250.23 ± 486.45 g and gestational age at birth was 28.5 ± 2.2 weeks. Ten (15.1%) infants were above 1500g birth weight. Median age at presentation was 7 month (range, 2-84 months). Fifty-seven (86.4 %) infants were never screened for ROP and 2(3%) were lost to follow-up after single screening. Seven (10.6%) infants had screening and treatment. Forty-nine (74.2%) infants were self-referred (i.e brought by parents on their own) and 17(25.8%) were referred by ophthalmologists. Pediatricians referred none of the infants. Conclusion: Our study shows that lack of screening is responsible for stage 5 ROP in outborn infants. More needs to be done to spread awareness about the disease. Broader screening guidelines are needed to ensure screening for infants>1500 g birth weight.
Authors:
Gaurav Sanghi; Mangat R Dogra; Deeksha Katoch; Amod Gupta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmic epidemiology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1744-5086     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmic Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9435674     Medline TA:  Ophthalmic Epidemiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  72-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye Center, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
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