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Delayed remote preconditioning induces cardioprotection: role of heme oxygenase-1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24746951     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The role of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the cardioprotection induced by delayed remote ischemic preconditioning (DRIPC) has not been investigated. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate whether HO-1 is involved in DRIPC-mediated cardioprotection in an isolated perfused rat heart model.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 60 min reperfusion. DRIPC (four cycles 5-min occlusion and 5-min reflow at the unilateral hind limb once per day for 1, 2, or 3 d before heart isolation, abbreviated as D1RIPC, D2RIPC, or D3RIPC respectively). Infarct size, myocardial troponin levels, and heart function were measured. The protein and messenger RNA levels of HO-1 were determined.
RESULTS: DRIPC facilitated postischemic cardiac functional recovery and decreased cardiac enzyme release. The infarct size-limiting effect of DRIPC was more pronounced in the D3RIPC group (10.22 ± 2.57%) than the D1RIPC group (22.34 ± 4.02%, P < 0.001) or the D2RIPC group (14.60 ± 3.13%, P = 0.034). These effects in the D1RIPC group could be blocked by Zinc Protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP) (an HO-1 specific inhibitor). DRIPC-mediated cardioprotection was associated with enhanced HO-1 protein expression (D1RIPC, 0.11 ± 0.03; versus 0.15 ± 0.06 in the D2RIPC group, P = 0.06; versus 0.20 ± 0.04 in the D3RIPC group, P = 0.04) and messenger RNA levels of HO-1 expression.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that HO-1 is involved in the cardioprotection induced by DRIPC, and that increase in the number of preconditioning stimuli may enhance cardioprotective effects accompanied with increased HO-1 level.
Chenghui Zhou; Lihuan Li; Huatong Li; Junsong Gong; Nengxin Fang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of surgical research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-8673     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Surg. Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376340     Medline TA:  J Surg Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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