Document Detail

Delayed presentation of prolonged hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia in a preterm small-for-gestational age neonate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24351577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia in small-for-gestational age infants usually presents in the first two postnatal days. We present a preterm, small-for-gestational age infant who had hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia on day 13 of life. A female twin infant weighing 1390 g was born at 32(+6) weeks of gestation. Her glycaemic profile was normal till day 13 of life, after which she was noted to be lethargic and hypoglycaemic and had hyperinsulinism, hypoketonaemia and hypofattyacidaemia, requiring high glucose infusion rate to maintain normoglycaemia, while negative for septic markers and metabolic screen. Initially, there was no response to diazoxide and the genetic studies for ABCC8 and KCNJ11 gene mutations were negative. Delayed response to diazoxide was followed by complete resolution of hypoglycaemia in 5 months. This case highlights the importance of glucose monitoring in small-for-date infants for hypoglycaemia till they achieve full feeds and gain weight. Early recognition and appropriate management of hypoglycaemia in this group of infants have important implications for neurodevelopmental outcome.
Jin Ho Chong; Suresh Chandran; Prathibha Agarwal; Victor Samuel Rajadurai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-12-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMJ case reports     Volume:  2013     ISSN:  1757-790X     ISO Abbreviation:  BMJ Case Rep     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101526291     Medline TA:  BMJ Case Rep     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
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