Document Detail


Deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions associated with fuelwood consumption of the brick making industry in Sudan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18992919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The study focuses on the role of the fired clay brick making industry (BMI) on deforestation and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Sudan. The BMI is based on numerous kilns that use biomass fuel, mainly wood which is largely harvested unsustainably. This results in potential deforestation and land degradation. Fuelwood consumption data was collected using interviews and questionnaires from 25 BMI enterprises in three administrative regions, namely Khartoum, Kassala and Gezira. Annual fuelwood consumption data (t dm yr(-1)) was converted into harvested biomass (m(3)) using a wood density value of 0.65 t dm m(-3). For annual GHG estimations, the methodological approach outlined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was used. According to our results, the annual deforestation associated with the BMI for the whole of Sudan is 508.4x10(3) m(3) of wood biomass, including 267.6x10(3) m(3) round wood and 240.8x10(3) m(3) branches and small trees. Total GHG emissions from the Sudanese BMI are estimated at 378028 t CO(2), 15554 t CO, 1778 t CH(4), 442 t NO(X), 288 t NO and 12 t N(2)O per annum. The combined CO(2)-equivalent (global warming potential for 100-year time horizon) of the GHG emissions (excluding NO(X) and NO) is 455666 t yr(-1). While these emissions form only a small part of Sudan's total GHG emissions, the associated deforestation and land degradation is of concern and effort should be made for greater use of sustainable forest resources and management.
Authors:
Syed Ashraful Alam; Mike Starr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-11-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  407     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-08     Completed Date:  2009-03-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  847-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Viikki Tropical Resources Institute (VITRI), Department of Forest Ecology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, FI-00014, Finland. ashraful.alam@helsinki.fi
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Carbon Monoxide / analysis
Conservation of Natural Resources*
Construction Materials*
Energy-Generating Resources*
Environmental Monitoring*
Gases / analysis*
Geography
Greenhouse Effect*
Hydrocarbons / analysis
Industry
Nitrogen Oxides / analysis
Sudan
Wood / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gases; 0/Hydrocarbons; 0/Nitrogen Oxides; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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