Document Detail

Definitions, models, and methods in research on sociocultural factors in American Indian alcohol use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6463818     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper presents a critical discussion of the definitions, conceptual models, and methodological issues that researchers should consider in studies of sociocultural influences on drinking practices and problems. In particular, these concerns are related to studies of American Indian and Alaskan Native people. In an effort to avoid overgeneralized explanatory statements, it is recommended that efforts be made to study more specific aspects of such loosely defined terms as culture, alcoholism, and "Indianness." Research in this area might usefully be guided by parsimonious conceptual models developed and investigated in the dominant culture; however the extent to which relationships observed within one group generalized to another group remains an empirical question. While there may be a common set of operationalizing variables and collecting valid data cannot be assumed to have equal applicability with different subgroups. By remaining sensitive to the methodological implications of sociocultural differences, investigators can more accurately clarify the processes by which complex biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors influence alcohol use and misuse in any individual or group.
R D Walker; D R Kivlahan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Substance and alcohol actions/misuse     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0191-8877     ISO Abbreviation:  Subst Alcohol Actions Misuse     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-09-13     Completed Date:  1984-09-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8010224     Medline TA:  Subst Alcohol Actions Misuse     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-19     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking*
Alcoholic Intoxication / psychology
Alcoholism / psychology*
Cultural Characteristics*
Indians, North American / psychology*
Social Environment*

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