Document Detail


Definition of a responder: analysis of behavioral, cardiovascular, and endocrine responses to varied workload in air traffic controllers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8416083     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Individual differences in behavioral, cardiovascular, and endocrine responses to varying workload among 381 air traffic controllers were assessed using random regression modeling. Although most men showed significant increases in behavioral arousal associated with increasing planes, there were major individual differences in response in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and cortisol. Approximately 20% to 25% of those studied had large increases in each of these domains, along with a smaller group showing inverse responses in heart rate and cortisol. There was also evidence of a smaller number of enhanced responders within the highest groups, who tended to have more missing values at higher levels of workload. There was convergence in the definition of responders using three statistical strategies: random regression, correlational analyses, and ANOVA. Response in one physiological/behavioral domain was essentially independent of response in another, supporting the conclusion of specificity, rather than a global tendency to respond to increasing work load.
Authors:
R M Rose; L F Fogg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0033-3174     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:    1993 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-16     Completed Date:  1993-11-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  325-38     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL 60603.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Arousal / physiology*
Attention / physiology
Aviation
Blood Pressure*
Circadian Rhythm / physiology
Female
Heart Rate*
Humans
Hydrocortisone / blood*
Individuality
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Muscle Contraction
Muscles / physiology
Occupational Diseases / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Regression Analysis
Stress, Psychological / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Workload / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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