Document Detail

Defining spoken language benchmarks and selecting measures of expressive language development for young children with autism spectrum disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19380608     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The aims of this article are twofold: (a) to offer a set of recommended measures that can be used for evaluating the efficacy of interventions that target spoken language acquisition as part of treatment research studies or for use in applied settings and (b) to propose and define a common terminology for describing levels of spoken language ability in the expressive modality and to set benchmarks for determining a child's language level in order to establish a framework for comparing outcomes across intervention studies.
METHOD: The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders assembled a group of researchers with interests and experience in the study of language development and disorders in young children with autism spectrum disorders. The group worked for 18 months through a series of conference calls and correspondence, culminating in a meeting held in December 2007 to achieve consensus on these aims.
RESULTS: The authors recommend moving away from using the term functional speech, replacing it with a developmental framework. Rather, they recommend multiple sources of information to define language phases, including natural language samples, parent report, and standardized measures. They also provide guidelines and objective criteria for defining children's spoken language expression in three major phases that correspond to developmental levels between 12 and 48 months of age.
Helen Tager-Flusberg; Sally Rogers; Judith Cooper; Rebecca Landa; Catherine Lord; Rhea Paul; Mabel Rice; Carol Stoel-Gammon; Amy Wetherby; Paul Yoder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2009-04-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1092-4388     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-28     Completed Date:  2009-07-24     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  643-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Autistic Disorder / complications,  psychology*
Child, Preschool
Language Development*
Language Development Disorders / complications,  psychology
Language Tests
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (U.S.)
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Terminology as Topic
United States
Grant Support
K24 DC006619-06/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P01 HD003008-397319/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 MH078165/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; U54 MH066494-010003/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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