Document Detail


Defining the phosphodiesterase superfamily members in rat brain microvessels.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22860158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Eleven phosphodiesterase (PDE) families are known, each having several different isoforms and splice variants. Recent evidence indicates that expression of individual PDE family members is tissue-specific. Little is known concerning detailed PDE component expression in brain microvessels where the blood-brain-barrier and the local cerebral blood flow are thought to be regulated by PDEs. The present study attempted to identify PDE family members that are expressed in brain microvessels. Adult male F344 rats were sacrificed and blocks of the cerebral cortex and infratentorial areas were dissected. Microvessels were isolated using a filtration method, and total RNA was extracted. RNA quality and quantity were determined using an Agilent bioanalyzer. The isolated cortical and infratentorial microvessel total RNA amounts were 2720 ± 750 ng (n = 2) and 250 ± 40 ng (n = 2), respectively. Microarrays with 22 000 transcripts demonstrated that there were 16 PDE transcripts in the PDE superfamily, exhibiting quantifiable density in the microvessels. An additional immunofluorescent study verified that PDE4D (cAMP-specific) and PDE5A (cGMP-specific) were colocalized with RECA-1 (an endothelial marker) in the cerebral cortex using both F344 rats and Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 3-6/strain). In addition, PDE4D and PDE5A were found to be colocalized with alpha-smooth muscle actin which delineates cerebral arteries and arterioles as well as pericytes. In conclusion, a filtration method followed by microarray analyses allows PDE components to be identified in brain microvessels, and confirmed that PDE4D and PDE5A are the primary forms expressed in rat brain microvessels.
Authors:
Zhen He; Li Cui; Tucker A Patterson; Merle G Paule
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2011-06-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  ACS chemical neuroscience     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1948-7193     ISO Abbreviation:  ACS Chem Neurosci     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-03     Completed Date:  2013-04-11     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101525337     Medline TA:  ACS Chem Neurosci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  600-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Neurotoxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, Arkansas 72079,United States.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Actins / metabolism
Animals
Brain / enzymology*
Capillaries / enzymology*
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 4 / analysis,  metabolism
Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 5 / analysis,  metabolism
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Isoenzymes / chemistry,  genetics
Male
Microarray Analysis
Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases / chemistry*,  genetics
RNA / biosynthesis,  chemistry
Rats
Rats, Inbred F344
Rec A Recombinases / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Actins; 0/Isoenzymes; 63231-63-0/RNA; EC 2.7.7.-/Rec A Recombinases; EC 3.1.4.-/Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases; EC 3.1.4.17/Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 4; EC 3.1.4.35/Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 5; EC 3.1.4.35/Pde5a protein, rat
Comments/Corrections

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