Document Detail

Defining the Parkinson's disease phenotype: initial symptoms and baseline characteristics in a clinical cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15823477     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Examine the demographic and historical characteristics of a large Parkinson's disease (PD) clinical cohort and determine the pattern and relationship between initial symptoms of PD and physical examination ratings at the initial subspecialty clinic visit. METHODS: A clinical series of 1244 consecutive individuals diagnosed with PD. Baseline characteristics were examined. RESULTS: The overall sample was predominantly right-handed (92%) male (67%), with a mean age of 70 years and symptomatic disease duration of about 7 years. About 25% of the sample reported a positive family history of a neurodegenerative disorder. Tremor (47%) and bradykinesia (29%) were the two most common initial symptoms of PD and occurred primarily in the upper extremities (68%). Tremor, bradykinesia, and postural instability showed a significant correspondence between the initial self-reported symptom and clinical signs at the first exam p < 0.05. However, rigidity did not show a significant correspondence. CONCLUSION: The demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample are thought to be phenotypically representative of 'typical' PD and were comparable to other clinic- and population-based cohorts. Initial symptoms reported by patients, including type and body location correlate tightly with initial examination findings for all cardinal symptoms of parkinsonism except rigidity. This corroboration may substantiate inclusion of such data in studies of longitudinal progression in PD.
Ryan J Uitti; Yasuhiko Baba; Zbigniew K Wszolek; D John Putzke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Parkinsonism & related disorders     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1353-8020     ISO Abbreviation:  Parkinsonism Relat. Disord.     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-12     Completed Date:  2005-06-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9513583     Medline TA:  Parkinsonism Relat Disord     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, 4500 San Pablo Road, Cannaday Bldg E-2, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age of Onset
Cohort Studies
Databases, Factual
Functional Laterality
Hypokinesia / diagnosis,  etiology
Parkinson Disease / complications,  diagnosis*,  physiopathology*
Tremor / diagnosis,  etiology

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