Document Detail


Deficiency of carbonic anhydrase in the vasculature of rabbit kidneys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6406549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The transit of 14CO2 and H14CO3- through the renal vasculature was studied in rabbit kidneys perfused without erythrocytes and in an in vivo preparation in which erythrocytes were present. In the absence of erythrocytes, the transit of 14CO2 from the renal artery to renal vein was much more rapid than that of H14CO3-. This suggests that (a) there is insufficient carbonic anhydrase (c.a.) in the vasculature between the renal artery and the exchange vessels of the kidney to ensure equilibration between CO2 and HCO3- and (b) CO2 can diffuse directly between arterial and venous vessels in the kidney. Following infusions of carbonic anhydrase, the renal venous outflow patterns of 14CO2 and H14CO3- became the same in the perfused kidneys. Although the initial recovery of 14CO2 remained greater than that of H14CO3- after infusions of acetazolamide (a c.a. inhibitor), arteriovenous diffusion of 14CO2 was diminished by this agent. This is attributed to inhibition of renal tubular c.a. The outflow patterns of H14CO3- and 14CO2 were nearly the same in the presence of erythrocytes, indicating that erythrocyte c.a. is sufficiently accessible to permit virtual equilibration of these radionuclides during the interval required for transit between the renal artery and exchange vessels. However, addition of carbonic anhydrase to the plasma seemed to accelerate transit of both 14CO2 and H14CO3- through the kidneys, and a small disequilibrium between CO2 and HCO3- may therefore normally be present in the renal interstitium and capillaries.
Authors:
R M Effros; S Nioka
Related Documents :
8782929 - Prognostic significance of intrarenal resistance indices in patients with renal artery ...
17921919 - Progression of diabetic nephropathy: value of intrarenal resistive index (ri).
8264029 - Unilateral renal artery revascularization can salvage renal function and terminate dial...
15120819 - The profile of cardiac patients with renal artery stenosis.
20599169 - Late renal stent thrombosis.
10962299 - Contemporary management of renal cell carcinoma with coexistent renal artery disease: u...
25295579 - Light chain crystalline kidney disease: diagnostic urine microscopy as the "liquid kidn...
16048609 - Successful bone marrow transplantation for life threatening xanthogranuloma disseminatu...
23128999 - Donor selection for adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation: well begun is ha...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical investigation     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0021-9738     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Invest.     Publication Date:  1983 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-07-08     Completed Date:  1983-07-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802877     Medline TA:  J Clin Invest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1418-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bicarbonates / metabolism
Biological Transport / drug effects
Capillaries / enzymology
Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
Carbonic Anhydrases / deficiency*,  pharmacology
Erythrocytes
Kidney / blood supply
Kinetics
Perfusion
Rabbits
Renal Artery / enzymology*
Renal Veins / enzymology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL28255/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bicarbonates; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; EC 4.2.1.1/Carbonic Anhydrases
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Nonadrenergic effects of isoproterenol in dogs with hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. Possible rol...
Next Document:  Mechanisms underlying CO2 retention during flow-resistive loading in patients with chronic obstructi...