Document Detail


Defenses against aflatoxin carcinogenesis in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6496216     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aspects of work on aflatoxin mainly from the author's studies are discussed, emphasizing procedures, strategies and insights related to protection against aflatoxin carcinogenesis in man due to transmission in the food chain. Five lines of defense are discussed. First, is the interfacing of the farm animal as a biologic filter between contaminated crop (feed) and human food derived from animal products. Second, is chemical detoxification of meals with ammonia and of contaminated milk by ultraviolet light. Third is prevention of mold growth and aflatoxin elaboration with ammonium carbonate for potential application during storage and drying of agricultural products. Fourth, is the development of ultrasensitive analytical methods for aflatoxins with structural proof of identity. And, fifth are natural defenses related to the role of hydroxylation of mammalian metabolism in detoxification, especially the pathway to aflatoxin Q1, a major detoxifying mechanism in primates, and the epoxidation pathway and its relation to prevention of aflatoxin residue transmission into edible tissues.
Authors:
M S Masri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in experimental medicine and biology     Volume:  177     ISSN:  0065-2598     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-12-18     Completed Date:  1984-12-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0121103     Medline TA:  Adv Exp Med Biol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aflatoxins / analysis,  metabolism,  toxicity*
Ammonia / pharmacology
Animals
Biological Assay
Body Weight / drug effects
Cattle
Ducks
Female
Food Contamination / prevention & control*
Food Handling
Freeze Drying
Humans
Liver / pathology
Male
Meat / analysis
Metabolic Detoxication, Drug
Milk / analysis
Neoplasms / prevention & control*
Swine
Ultraviolet Rays
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins; 7664-41-7/Ammonia

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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