Document Detail

Defective dopamine generation from dihydroxyphenylalanine in stable essential hypertensive patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1592460     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We studied the metabolic pathways of dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and dopamine as well as the cardiovascular and renal responses to a single administration of DOPA (500 mg orally) in stable essential hypertension. We found that after DOPA, stable hypertensive patients compared with controls showed more blood pressure decrease without reflex tachycardia, had lower creatinine clearance but a higher fractional excretion of sodium, and had lower plasma renin activity at the height of DOPA action. Hypertensive patients also showed increased plasma DOPA, the ratio of plasma DOPA to dopamine, and the sum of plasma DOPA and 3-O-methyl-DOPA, as well as increased urinary 3-O-methyl-DOPA and the plasma and urine dopamine metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid. Finally, despite an augmented post-DOPA glomerular load of DOPA, the predominant source of urinary dopamine, the excretion rates of dopamine and its metabolites remained comparable in hypertensive patients to those in control subjects. These data suggest that, in stable hypertensive patients, exogenous DOPA is to a lesser degree decarboxylated to dopamine, which is more rapidly metabolized intraneuronally. Contrasting with this finding are the hyperdopaminergic features, such as hypernatriuresis with renin suppression and excessive blood pressure decline in the absence of reflex tachycardia. They may be due to an upregulation of renal, vascular, and brain dopaminergic receptors secondary to a preexisting dopaminergic deficiency in stable essential hypertension.
O Kuchel; S Shigetomi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0194-911X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertension     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-06-30     Completed Date:  1992-06-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  634-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Dihydroxyphenylalanine / metabolism*,  pharmacology
Dopamine / biosynthesis*,  metabolism
Hypertension / metabolism*,  physiopathology
Kidney / drug effects,  physiopathology
Middle Aged
Pulse / drug effects
Tyrosine / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
55520-40-6/Tyrosine; 63-84-3/Dihydroxyphenylalanine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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