Document Detail


Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation as a treatment for psychiatric disorders: A comprehensive review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22559998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a technique of neuromodulation and neurostimulation based on the principle of electromagnetic induction of an electric field in the brain. The coil (H-coil) used in deep TMS is able to modulate cortical excitability up to a maximum depth of 6cm and is therefore able not only to modulate the activity of the cerebral cortex but also the activity of deeper neural circuits. Deep TMS is largely used for the treatment of drug-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD) and is being tested to treat a very wide range of neurological, psychiatric and medical conditions. The aim of this review is to illustrate the biophysical principles of deep TMS, to explain the pathophysiological basis for its utilization in each psychiatric disorder (major depression, autism, bipolar depression, auditory hallucinations, negative symptoms of schizophrenia), to summarize the results presented thus far in the international scientific literature regarding the use of deep TMS in psychiatry, its side effects and its effects on cognitive functions.
Authors:
F S Bersani; A Minichino; P G Enticott; L Mazzarini; N Khan; G Antonacci; R N Raccah; M Salviati; R Delle Chiaie; G Bersani; P B Fitzgerald; M Biondi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1778-3585     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111820     Medline TA:  Eur Psychiatry     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
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