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Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest Effectively Preserves Neurocognitive Function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24045075     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Few (conflicting) studies have quantitatively assessed neurocognitive effects of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). We assess neurocognitive function quantitatively before and after DHCA in comparison with non-DHCA patients.
METHODS: Sixty-two aortic surgical patients underwent a battery of neuropsychometric tests, both preoperative and postoperative, evaluating multiple aspects of memory, processing speed, executive function, and global cognition. Thirty-three patients did not require DHCA, and 29 underwent DHCA as the sole means of cerebral protection. Neurocognitive deficit was defined as greater than 20% decline in 2 or more cognitive areas. Preoperative and postoperative test scores, as well as incidence of neurocognitive deficit, were compared within each group, and between the non-DHCA and DHCA groups.
RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the postoperative versus preoperative scores in any cognitive area tested between DHCA and non-DHCA groups. There was also no difference between the 2 groups in incidence of neurocognitive deficit; 13 non-DHCA, 11 DHCA (p = 1.00). In addition, there was no correlation between time under DHCA and incidence of neurocognitive deficit. Within both groups, there was a decline in memory in the areas of acquisition, retention, and delayed recall. Within the DHCA group, recognition was also affected.
CONCLUSIONS: While cardiac surgery had some effects on memory, overall neurocognitive function was well preserved and not different between DHCA and non-DHCA patients. Time under DHCA up to 40 minutes was also found to be safe neurocognitively. This study provides strong evidence that straight DHCA effectively preserves neurocognitive function.
Authors:
Katherine H Chau; Tamir Friedman; Maryann Tranquilli; John A Elefteriades
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-9-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-6259     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.
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