Document Detail

Dedifferentiation of differentiated thyroid carcinoma cell line FTC-133 is enhanced by (131)I pretreatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21982575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
INTRODUCTION: Differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) usually has a high iodine uptake. However, dedifferentiation of DTC with decreased or no radioiodine ((131)I) uptake is observed in clinical practice, with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of (131)I radiation on radioiodine uptake (RAIU) and the expression of thyroid-specific molecules.
METHODS: FTC-133 cells were treated with (131)I, the dosage dictated by methylthiazol tetrazolium test results and preliminary experiments. The experimental cell group was incubated with (131)I for 48 h and then cultured for 3 months in (131)I-free medium. The control group was set without (131)I. Primary cells were defined as the blank group. Following treatment, RAIU was measured with a gamma counter as the counts/cell number. Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS), thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR), thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (Tg) levels were detected by Western blotting and radioimmunoassay, and their mRNAs were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS: RAIU of FTC-133 cells decreased gradually after coincubation with (131)I and did not recover even if (131)I was removed. The relative RAIU of the control and experimental groups was 0.567 and 0.182, respectively, a statistically significant difference (P<.01). Expression of NIS, TSHR, TPO and Tg decreased in the experimental group to a statistically significant degree compared to that of controls (P<.05).
CONCLUSION: Changes in the mRNA levels were in accordance with the expression of thyroid-specific proteins. Thus, FTC-133 cells undergo dedifferentiation during long-term culture in vitro, and (131)I may promote this progress.
Fang Feng; Hui Wang; Hongliang Fu; Shuqi Wu; Zhiyi Ye; Suyun Chen; Jianing Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-04-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nuclear medicine and biology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1872-9614     ISO Abbreviation:  Nucl. Med. Biol.     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304420     Medline TA:  Nucl Med Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1053-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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