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Decreased retinal sensitivity and loss of retinal nerve fibers in multiple system atrophy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22878471     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In a previous study, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) loss was shown as part of the neurodegenerative process in multiple system atrophy (MSA). Here, we investigate in a larger cohort of MSA patients whether the RNFLT loss translates into respective visual field defects. METHODS: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography was performed in 20 MSA patients (parkinsonian subtype = 12, cerebellar subtype = 8) to quantify peripapillary RNFLT. Visual field (90°) was analyzed by automated static perimetry to investigate retinal structure/function relationship. Eight data sets did not meet stringent quality criteria, and only 12 data sets were further analyzed. RESULTS: Compared to healthy controls, MSA patients demonstrated a significant reduction of RNFLT in the nasal sectors (p ( nasal-superior ) = 0.02, p ( nasal ) = 0.03, p ( nasal-inferior ) < 0.01), while changes in temporal RNFLT measures (p ( temporal-superior ) = 0.42, p ( temporal ) = 0.34, p ( temporal-inferior ) = 0.25) were not statistically significant compared to healthy controls (ANOVA). MSA patients featured a significant global mean deviation (2.74 dB; p < 0.01) without predominant peripheral visual field defects. Statistical analysis of mean defect in the central (0-30°), peripheral (30-90°) or global (0-90°) visual field revealed no significant correlation (r (2) (central) = 0.11, r (2) (peripheral) = 0.04, r (2) (global) = 0.07) with nasal RNFLT in MSA patients. CONCLUSION: MSA patients feature significant reduction in nasal RNFLT and global mean deviation when compared to healthy controls, consistent with the multi-systemic nature of this neurodegenerative disorder. This finding provides first evidence for two independent deteriorations of the visual system in MSA.
M Dominik Fischer; Matthis Synofzik; Christoph Kernstock; Janko Dietzsch; Robert Heidlauf; Julia Schicks; Karin Srulijes; Sarah Wiethoff; Oliver Menn; Daniela Berg; Ludger Schöls; Ulrich Schiefer
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-702X     ISO Abbreviation:  Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205248     Medline TA:  Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
University Eye Clinic, Centre for Ophthalmology, Tübingen, Germany.
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