Document Detail

Decreased phagocytosis of apoptotic cells in diseased SLE mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14987742     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Antibodies against nucleosomes are a serological hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Apoptotic cells are the unique source of nucleosomes, which are formed through cleavage of chromatin by nucleases. These nucleosomes and other autoantigens targeted in SLE are expressed in apoptotic blebs or at the surface of apoptotic cells. Therefore, it is conceivable that circulating antibodies can influence apoptotic cell clearance. Using an in vitro phagocytosis assay, we analysed the phagocytic efficacy for apoptotic cells of resident peritoneal macrophages from pre-morbid and diseased lupus mice. The assay was carried out in the presence of autologous serum, using autologous apoptotic thymocytes as targets. Under these conditions macrophages from diseased MRL/lpr and NZBxNZW(F1) lupus mice, and from age-matched NZB mice showed a decreased phagocytic efficacy (decrease 47%, 48% and 37%, respectively compared to measurements in pre-morbid mice). The cause of this decrease resides in the serum, and is not due to an acquired defect of macrophages. In conclusion, during disease progression in murine SLE, apoptotic cell clearance becomes impaired, which might amplify further disease progression.
R Licht; J W C Dieker; C W M Jacobs; W J M Tax; J H M Berden
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of autoimmunity     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0896-8411     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Autoimmun.     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-27     Completed Date:  2004-10-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8812164     Medline TA:  J Autoimmun     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Nephrology 545, University Medical Center Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Antibodies, Antinuclear / immunology
Apoptosis / immunology
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / immunology*,  pathology
Macrophage Activation / immunology*
Macrophages, Peritoneal / immunology*,  pathology
Mice, Inbred MRL lpr
Mice, Inbred NZB
Nucleosomes / immunology
Phagocytosis / immunology*
T-Lymphocytes / immunology,  pathology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Antinuclear; 0/Nucleosomes

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