Document Detail

Decreased numbers of vascular networks and irregular vessels on narrow-band imaging are useful findings for distinguishing intestinal lymphoma from lymphoid hyperplasia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24830575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: No method for sufficiently making the differential diagnosis of intestinal lymphoma resembling lymphoid hyperplasia (LH) on endoscopy has yet been established.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of narrow-band imaging (NBI) in diagnosing intestinal lymphoma.
DESIGN: Prospective study.
SETTING: Single-center study.
PATIENTS: Sixty-one patients with primary or systemic lymphoma were enrolled in this study.
INTERVENTIONS: The terminal ileum and entire colon were observed by using conventional endoscopy. NBI was subsequently performed when small polypoid lesions were detected. A decrease in the number of vascular networks (DVNs) and the presence of irregular vessels on the surface of the epithelia were defined as characteristic findings of intestinal lymphoma. The diagnostic accuracy of these 2 findings in distinguishing intestinal lymphoma from LH was examined.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The ability to use NBI to distinguish intestinal lymphoma from LH.
RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-four small polypoid lesions, including 59 lymphomas and 235 LH lesions, were detected. The rates of detecting DVNs and the presence of irregular vessels were significantly higher in the lymphoma samples (81.4% and 62.7%) than in the LH samples (25.5% and 4.7%). Based on these findings, the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values for differentiating intestinal lymphoma from LH were 88.8%, 62.7%, 95.3%, 77.1%, and 91.1%, respectively, which are significantly higher than those of conventional endoscopy.
LIMITATIONS: Single-center study.
CONCLUSION: DVNs and the presence of irregular vessels on NBI are thus considered to be useful findings for differentiating intestinal lymphoma from benign LH.
Mikihiro Fujiya; Shin Kashima; Katsuya Ikuta; Tatsuya Dokoshi; Aki Sakatani; Kazuyuki Tanaka; Katsuyoshi Ando; Nobuhiro Ueno; Motoya Tominaga; Yuhei Inaba; Takahiro Ito; Kentaro Moriichi; Hiroki Tanabe; Yusuke Saitoh; Yutaka Kohgo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gastrointestinal endoscopy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6779     ISO Abbreviation:  Gastrointest. Endosc.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0010505     Medline TA:  Gastrointest Endosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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