Document Detail


Decreased and inactivated nuclear factor kappa B 1 (p50) in human degenerative calcified aortic valve.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22464415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Degenerative aortic valve calcification is an important factor in aortic stenosis and incompetence, but the pathogenesis is unclear. The purpose of the present study was to observe the expression of p50 in degenerative calcified aortic valves, which may provide a potential therapeutic target. METHODS: Fifteen cases of degenerative calcified aortic valve constituted the experimental group, and 10 aortic valves from patients who had undergone the Bentall operation constituted the control group. RESULTS: Immunostaining demonstrated that α-smooth muscle actin was highly expressed in valvular interstitial cells in the experimental group and that the percentage of CD68-positive cells was significantly higher in degenerative calcified aortic valves. Using bone gamma-carboxyglutamate protein as a marker of calcification showed that osteoblasts were significantly increased in the experimental valves. Western blot showed that p50 was more highly expressed and activated in the control group compared with the experimental group. Immunohistochemistry confirmed this finding and showed that p50 was principally localized to the endothelial cells of uncalcified valves, suggesting that it might play an important role in maintaining valve function. CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of p50 activity in endothelial cells might lead to calcification in degenerative calcified aortic valves.
Authors:
Chen Wen; Zhang Leiyang; Deng Fei; Zhu Yifan; Rao Xiao; Li Li; Zou Liang; Miao Ganggang; Lu Zirun; Chen Xin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1336     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212060     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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