Document Detail

Decreased heroin availability in Sydney in early 2001.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12492759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To examine the veracity of reports of a substantial decrease in the availability of heroin in Sydney in January 2001. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one injecting drug users (IDUs) and 10 key informants (KIs). FINDINGS: Almost all IDUs (93%) reported that heroin was harder to obtain at the time of interview (mid-February 2001) than it was before Christmas 2000 and KIs concurred. IDUs (83%) and KIs (70%) also reported that the price of heroin had increased since Christmas, and that the purity of heroin had decreased (IDUs 73%; KIs 80%). Almost all IDUs reported a reduction in their heroin use and a subsequent increase in other drug use, particularly cocaine, benzodiazepines and cannabis. Similar reports about IDUs came from nine of the 10 KIs. Over half the KIs reported an increase in both property and violent crime as a result of the heroin shortage. This crime was reportedly occurring mainly between heroin suppliers and/or IDUs. Reports from other Australian jurisdictions suggest that the shortage was not specific to Sydney. CONCLUSIONS: The reduction in the availability of heroin provides a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of supply reduction.
Carolyn Day; Libby Topp; David Rouen; Shane Darke; Wayne Hall; Kate Dolan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addiction (Abingdon, England)     Volume:  98     ISSN:  0965-2140     ISO Abbreviation:  Addiction     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-20     Completed Date:  2003-02-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304118     Medline TA:  Addiction     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Crime / statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Heroin / chemistry,  economics,  supply & distribution*
Heroin Dependence / economics,  epidemiology
Middle Aged
Narcotics / chemistry,  economics,  supply & distribution*
New South Wales / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Narcotics; 561-27-3/Heroin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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