Document Detail


Decreased full breastfeeding, altered practices, perceptions, and infant weight change of prepregnant obese women: a need for extra support.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18450874     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to compare breastfeeding practices, perceptions, and infant weight change of prepregnant obese versus normal-weight mothers in the first 3 months postpartum. PATIENTS AND METHODS: For the prospective case-control study, obese mothers (prepregnant BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)) were matched with normal-weight mothers (18.5 < or = prepregnant BMI < 25 kg/m(2)) according to initial infant feeding, parity, maternal age, ethnicity, and education. Participants completed an oral questionnaire in the hospital and a telephone interview at 1 and 3 months postpartum. RESULTS: Of 1432 mothers who had given birth at a university hospital in France, 10% were obese. Breastfeeding initiation was lower for obese (48%) versus normal-weight (64%) mothers. A total of 111 of 141 obese mothers were paired with 111 normal-weight mothers. Infant birth weight was similar for newborns of obese and normal-weight mothers. Among mothers who initiated breastfeeding, infant weight gain from 0 to 1 month was lower in breastfed infants of obese mothers compared to normal-weight mothers. Obese mothers were less likely to maintain full breastfeeding at 1 month and 3 months. The percentage of mothers breastfeeding to any extent did not differ between obese and reference women. Obese mothers more often felt uncomfortable breastfeeding in public at 3 months. Fewer obese mothers perceived that their milk supply was sufficient at 1 month and 3 months. Despite greater breastfeeding difficulties, obese mothers were less likely to seek support for breastfeeding in the first 3 months postpartum. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatricians and health professionals should recognize that obese mothers have different breastfeeding practices and perceptions. Extra support and intervention are needed among obese mothers during prenatal and early postnatal periods so that their children can benefit from breastfeeding.
Authors:
Elise Mok; Clarisse Multon; Lorraine Piguel; Emmanuelle Barroso; Valérie Goua; Patricia Christin; Marie-José Perez; Régis Hankard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  121     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-02     Completed Date:  2008-06-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1319-24     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Multidisciplinary Pediatrics-Child Nutrition, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Poitiers, 2 Rue de la Milétrie, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attitude*
Birth Weight
Breast Feeding / psychology*
Female
Humans
Infant
Obesity / psychology*
Pregnancy
Questionnaires
Weight Gain*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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