Document Detail

Decreased Exercise-Induced Expression of Nuclear Factor-{kappa}B-Regulated Genes in Muscle of Patients With COPD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20688919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation and oxidative stress are physiologic responses of skeletal muscle to exercise but may be impaired in patients with COPD. Therefore, we investigated NF-κB activity and expression of NF-κB-regulated genes in muscle of patients with COPD and control subjects before and after exercise.
METHODS: Quadriceps specimens were obtained before, immediately after, and 2 h after a submaximal cycle ergometry test from seven patients with COPD (50.6 ± 5.7 SEM FEV(1) of patients with COPD) and seven age-matched control subjects. NF-κB DNA-binding activity in muscle and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was determined using electrophoretic mobility shift assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. mRNA expression and protein carbonylation were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively.
RESULTS: In control subjects, IL-6, IκBα, tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-1β, superoxide dismutase, thioredoxin, heme oxygenase 1, and heat shock protein-70 were upregulated in muscle after exercise, whereas in patients with COPD only IL-6 mRNA was increased. Exercise-induced antiapoptotic Bcl2 mRNA levels were attenuated in patients with COPD compared with control subjects. Basal muscle protein oxidation was higher in patients with COPD than in control subjects, but attenuated in response to exercise. No exercise-induced changes in NF-κB DNA-binding activity in muscle and PBMCs of either group were detected.
CONCLUSIONS: Skeletal muscle of patients with COPD is characterized by an impaired response to exercise of NF-κB-regulated genes encoding inflammatory cytokines, antioxidants, stress proteins, and survival factors.
Evi M Mercken; Geja J Hageman; Ramon C Langen; Emiel F Wouters; Annemie M Schols
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  139     ISSN:  1931-3543     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  337-46     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
MSc, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University, PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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